Baishakhi De, Koushik Bhandari, Prakash Katakam and Analava Mitra* Pages 277 - 292 ( 16 )
Background: This work reports the safety profiling, in vivo hypoglycemic and pharmacokinetic studies of three phytoceuticals viz. conventional and sustained release tablets and microspheres each containing a polyherbal product phytocomposite (PHC) as the active ingredient. PHC is prepared from the leaf extracts of Ficus benghalensis: Syzigium cumini: Ocimum sanctum mixed in the weight ratio of 1:1:2. Further no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL), maximum recommended starting dose (MRSD) in human and prediction of human pharmacokinetic parameters have been accomplished by allometric equations.
Methods: Acute and sub chronic studies of the phytoceuticals were done as per OECD and in vivo hypoglycemic studies in STZ induced diabetic rats. Plasma concentrations of the active constituent rutin (pharmacologically active compound of PHC) were determined by HPLC and other pharmacokinetic parameters using PK Solver. Repeated dose toxicity was carried out to determine the NOAEL value, MRSD estimated using allometric formulas of body surface area and clearance (CL) and volume of distribution (Vd) predicted by allometric equations of single species scaling.
Results: Phytoceuticals showed a wide range of safety profile with a significant lowering of blood gluco-lipid level. The values of the pharmacokinetic parameters for different doses of phytoceuticals showed that the active concentration was maintained in plasma level and each formulation complied with their relevant quality criteria. NOAEL value was 5000 mg/kg/body weight and MRSD was 4864.86 mg.
Conclusion: Phytoceuticals prepared are safe and effectively controlled blood gluco lipid level. Animal to human dose extrapolation and prediction of human pharmacokinetic parameters by allometry was convenient.
Phytoceuticals, phytocomposite, hypoglycemic, pharmacokinetics, allometry, no observed adverse effect level, pharmacologically active dose.
School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302, SSS Indira College of Pharmacy, Vishnupuri, Nanded-431606, School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302