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Structural Analysis of CD59 of Chinese Tree Shrew: A New Reference Molecule for Human Immune System Specific CD59 Drug Discovery

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]


Subhamay Panda*, Leena Kumari and Santamay Panda   Pages 326 - 334 ( 9 )


Background: Chinese tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) bear several characteristics that are considered to be very crucial for utilizing in animal experimental models in biomedical research. Subsequent to the identification of key aspects and signaling pathways in nervous and immune systems, it is revealed that tree shrews acquire common as well as unique characteristics, and hence offer a genetic basis for employing them as a prospective model for biomedical research. CD59 glycoprotein, commonly referred to as MAC-inhibitory protein (MAC-IP), membrane inhibitor of reactive lysis (MIRL), or protectin, is encoded by the CD59 gene in human beings. It is the member of the LY6/uPAR/alpha-neurotoxin protein family.

Objectives: With this initial point, the objective of this study was to determine a comparative composite based structure of CD59 of Chinese tree shrew. The additional objective of this study was to examine the distribution of negatively and positively charged amino acid over molecular modeled structure, distribution of secondary structural elements, hydrophobicity molecular surface analysis and electrostatic potential analysis with the assistance of several bioinformatical analytical tools.

Methods: CD59 Amino acid sequence of Chinese tree shrew was collected from the online database system of National Centre for Biotechnology Information. SignalP 4.0 online server was employed for detection of signal peptide instance within the protein sequence of CD59. Molecular model structure of CD59 protein was generated by the Iterative Threading ASSEmbly Refinement (I-TASSER) suite. The confirmation for three-dimensional structural model was evaluated by structure validation tools. Location of negatively and positively charged amino acid over molecular modeled structure, distribution of secondary structural elements, and hydrophobicity molecular surface analysis was performed with the help of Chimera tool. Electrostatic potential analysis was carried out with the adaptive Poisson-Boltzmann solver package. Subsequently validated model was used for the functionally critical amino acids and active site prediction. The functionally critical amino acids and ligand- binding site (LBS) of the proteins (modeled) were determined using the COACH program.

Result: Analysis of Ramachandran plot for Chinese tree shrew depicted that overall, 100% of the residues in homology model were observed in allowed and favored regions, sequentially leading to the validation of the standard of generated protein structural model. In case of CD59 of Chinese tree shrew, the total score of G-factor was found to be -0.66 that was generally larger than the acceptable value. This approach suggests the significance and acceptability of the modeled structure of CD59 of Chinese tree shrew. The molecular model data in cooperation to other relevant post model analysis data put forward molecular insight into protecting activity of CD59 protein molecule of Chinese tree shrew.

Conclusion: In the present study, we have proposed the first molecular model structure of uncharted CD59 of Chinese tree shrew by significantly utilizing the comparative composite modeling approach. Therefore, the development of a structural model of the CD59 protein was carried out and analyzed further for deducing molecular enrichment technique. The collaborative effort of molecular model and other relevant data of post model analysis carry forward molecular understanding to protecting activity of CD59 functions towards better insight of features of this natural lead compound.


CD59, Chinese tree shrew, Tupaia belangeri chinensis, animal model, natural lead molecule, human immune system.


Division of Biological Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, Gupta College of Technological Sciences, Ashram More, Asansol-713301, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032, Department of Physics, NSHM Faculty of Engineering & Technology, NSHM, Knowledge Campus, Durgapur-713212

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