Subhamay Panda* and Leena Kumari Pages 319 - 329 ( 11 )
Snake bite envenoming causes high rates of morbidity and mortality and is one of the serious health-related concerns all over the globe. Around 3200 species of snakes have been discovered till date. Amid these species, about 1300 species of snakes are venomous. On account of its severity, World Health Organization (WHO) recently included snakebite envenoming in the list of neglected tropical diseases. Immunotherapy has partially solved the issues related to snakebite envenomation. However, it is associated with numerous adverse effects, due to which alternative treatment strategies are required for the treatment of snakebite. Traditionally, a large repository of herbal medicinal plants is known to possess activity against snake venom. An exploration of the therapeutic benefits of these medicinal plants used for the treatment of snakebites reveals the presence of various potential phytochemicals. The aim of the present review is to provide an outline regarding poisonous snakes all over the world, various compositions of snake venom, adverse effects related to anti-snake venom and numerous medicinal plants used for the anti-ophidian activity.
Herbal medicinal plants, snake venom, snake bite, anti-snake venom, herbal drugs, anti-ophidian properties.
Department of Pharmacy, Gupta College of Technological Sciences, Ashram More, Asansol-713301, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032