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Therapeutic Aspects of Squill; An Evidence-Based Review

Author(s):

Khadije Saket, Jalil Tavakol Afshari, Ehsan Saburi, Mahdi Yousefi and Roshanak Salari*   Pages 1 - 7 ( 7 )

Abstract:


From ancient times, medicinal plants have been usually utilized to treat many disorders, but today, interest in these herbs is again aroused, because of their fewer side effects and low-cost. In traditional medicine, for many diseases, various medicinal herbs have been suggested so far. Drimia maritime, also named squill, is an important medicinal plant for the treatment of many diseases, especially respiratory diseases. In the current evidence-based study, we conducted a review of the general characteristics, ingredients, administration form, and side effects of squill in traditional medicine. For this purpose, traditional Persian medicine literatures and electronic databases were examined including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar. Many compounds are isolated from D. maritima, including scillaren, scillirubroside, scillarenin, and bufadienolide glycosides. Oxymel is the most commonly used form of squill for various diseases, especially respiratory diseases. Besides, squill has been used in the treatment of cardiovascular, digestive, and dermatological disorders, it is also used against various cancer cells for its antioxidant and cytotoxic properties. Moreover, there is relatively reliable evidence of its benefits for bacterial and helminthic infections, rheumatism, edema, gout, abortion induction, healing of wounds, urine induction. It seems that supplementary studies are required to explore the bioactive agents and their effective mechanisms.

Keywords:

Drimia maritima, antioxidant, squill, characteristics

Affiliation:

Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Department of Immunogenetics, Buali Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad



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