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A Definitive Pharmacophore Modelling Study on CDK2 ATP Pocket Binders: Tracing the Path of New Virtual High-Throughput Screenings

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Marco Tutone*, Giulia Culletta, Luca Livecchi and Anna M. Almerico   Pages 740 - 747 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Cyclin Dependent Kinases-2 (CDK2) are members of serine/threonine protein kinases family. They play an important role in the regulation events of the eukaryotic cell division cycle, especially during the G1 to S phase transition. Experimental evidence indicate that excessive expression of CDK2s should cause abnormal cell cycle regulation. Therefore, since a long time, CDK2s have been considered potential therapeutic targets for cancer therapy. In this work, onehundred and forty-nine complexes of inhibitors bound in the CDK2-ATP pocket were submitted to short MD simulations (10ns) and free energy calculation. Comparison with experimental data (Ki, Kd and pIC50) revealed that short simulations are exhaustive to examine the crucial ligand-protein interactions within the complexes. Information collected on MD simulations of protein-ligand complexes has been used to perform a molecular modelling approach that incorporates flexibility into structure-based pharmacophore modelling (Common Hits Approach, CHA). The high number of pharmacophore models resulting from the MD simulation was thus reduced to a few representative groups of pharmacophore models. The performance of the models has been assessed by using the ROC curves analysis. This definitive set of validated pharmacophore models could be used to screen in-house and/or commercial datasets for detection of new CDK-2 inhibitors. We provide the models to all the researchers involved in this field.

Keywords:

CDK2, ATP pocket, Molecular Dynamics, MM-GBSA, Pharmacophore Modelling, Common Hits Approach.

Affiliation:

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via Archirafi 32, 90123 Palermo, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via Archirafi 32, 90123 Palermo, Department of Clinical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche Chimiche e Farmaceutiche (STEBICEF), Università degli Studi di Palermo, Via Archirafi 32, 90123 Palermo

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