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Exploring Antimicrobials from the Flora and Fauna of Marine: Opportunities and Limitations

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Krishnamoorthy Venkateskumar, Subramani Parasuraman*, Leow Y. Chuen, Veerasamy Ravichandran and Subramani Balamurgan   Pages 507 - 514 ( 8 )

Abstract:


About 95% of earth living space lies deep below the ocean’s surface and it harbors extraordinary diversity of marine organisms. Marine biodiversity is an exceptional reservoir of natural products, bioactive compounds, nutraceuticals and other potential compounds of commercial value. Timeline for the development of the drug from a plant, synthetic and other alternative sources is too lengthy. Exploration of the marine environment for potential bioactive compounds has gained focus and huge opportunity lies ahead for the exploration of such vast resources in the ocean. Further, the evolution of superbugs with increasing resistance to the currently available drugs is alarming and it needs coordinated efforts to resolve them. World Health Organization recommends the need and necessity to develop effective bioactive compounds to combat problems associated with antimicrobial resistance. Based on these factors, it is imperative to shift the focus towards the marine environment for potential bioactive compounds that could be utilized to tackle antimicrobial resistance. Current research trends also indicate the huge strides in research involving marine environment for drug discovery. The objective of this review article is to provide an overview of marine resources, recently reported research from marine resources, challenges, future research prospects in the marine environment.

Keywords:

Antimicrobials, drug discovery, marine, flora, fauna, bioactive compounds.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Jalan Bedong-Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Jalan Bedong-Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Jalan Bedong-Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Jalan Bedong-Semeling, 08100 Bedong, Kedah, Directorate of Drugs Control Administration, Chennai

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