Mohammad Reza Keyvanpour* and Mehrnoush Barani Shirzad Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )
Quantitative Structure–Activity Relationship (QSAR) is a popular approach developed to correlate chemical molecules with their biological activities based on their chemical structures. Machine learning techniques have proved to be promising solutions to QSAR modeling. Due to the significant role of machine learning strategies in QSAR modeling, this area of research has attracted much attention from researchers. A considerable amount of literature has been published on machine learning based QSAR modeling methodologies whilst this domain still suffers from lack of a recent and comprehensive analysis of these algorithms. This study systematically reviews the application of machine learning algorithms in QSAR, aiming to provide an analytical framework. For this purpose, we present a framework called ‘ML-QSAR‘. This framework has been designed for future research to: a)facilitate the selection of proper strategies among existing algorithms according to the application area requirements, b) help to develop and ameliorate current methods and c) providing a platform to study existing methodologies comparatively. In ML-QSAR, first a structured categorization is depicted which studied the QSAR modeling research based on machine models. Then several criteria are introduced in order to assess the models. Finally, inspired by aforementioned criteria the qualitative analysis is carried out.
QSAR modeling, machine learning, drug discovery, drug design, computational intelligence
Alzahra University, Department of Computer Engineering, Alzahra University, Data Mining Research Laboratory, Department of Computer Engineering