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Identification of Main Protease of Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Mpro) Inhibitors from Melissa officinalis

Author(s):

Olusola O. Elekofehinti*, Opeyemi Iwaloye, Courage D. Famusiwa, Olanrewaju Akinseye and Joao B. T. Rocha   Pages 1 - 19 ( 19 )

Abstract:


Background: The recent outbreak of Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) which has rapidly spread around the world in about three months with tens of thousands of deaths recorded so far is a global concern. An urgent need for potential therapeutic intervention is of necessity. Mpro is an attractive druggable target for the development of anti-COVID-19 drug development. Compounds previously characterized from Melissa officinalis were queried against main protease of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 using computational approach.

Results: Melitric acid A and salvanolic acid A had higher affinity than lopinavir and ivermectin using both AutodockVina and XP docking algorithms. The computational approach was employed in the generation of QSAR model using automated QSAR, and in the docking of ligands from Melissa officinalis with SARS-CoV-2 Mpro inhibitors. The best model obtained was KPLS_Radial_28 (R2 = 0.8548 and Q2=0.6474, and was used in predicting the bioactivity of the lead compounds. Molecular mechanics based MM-GBSA confirmed salvanolic acid A as the compound with the highest free energy and predicted bioactivity of 4.777; it interacted with His-41 of the catalytic dyad (Cys145-His41) of SARS-CoV-2 main protease (Mpro), as this may hinder the cutting of inactive viral protein into active ones capable of replication.

Conclusion: Salvanolic acid A can be further evaluated as potential Mpro inhibitor.

Keywords:

Covid-19, serine protease, medicinal plants, natural compounds, pandemic, Melissa

Affiliation:

Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, P.M.B 704, Akure, Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, P.M.B 704, Akure, Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, P.M.B 704, Akure, Bioinformatics and Molecular Biology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, P.M.B 704, Akure, 3Biochemical Toxicology Unit, Department of Chemistry, CCNE, Federal University of Santa. Maria, Santa Maria, RS



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