Nakisa Tabrizian, Nazanin Arjomand Fard, Ali Farazmand, Rahil Eftekhari, Farzaneh Tofighi Zavareh and Abbas Mirshafiey Pages 53 - 58 ( 6 )
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ß-Dmannuronic acid (M2000) on related miRNAs to dendritic cells (DCs) differentiation. DC-based immunosuppressive drugs can suppress the progression of autoimmune diseases, however, their notable side effects in increasing the risk of infectious diseases and cancers should be considered. The β-D-mannuronic acid, as a novel non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, has been tested in various experimental models.Method: The effect of M2000 on expression of miRNA-155 and miRNA-221 was examined. To investigate how M2000 affects differentiation of human dendritic DCs in a defined inflammatory environment, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from healthy blood and the monocytes were purified using anti-CD14 microbeads. The so isolated monocytes were subsequently incubated in the presence of M2000 in two different doses (3 and 6 mMol/well) adding granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 for inducing monocytes to immature DC and lipopolysaccharide for running DC differentiation. The expression of miRNA-155 and miRNA-221 were examined with Real Time PCR. Results: The results demonstrate that M2000 has no significant side effect on expression of miR-155 and miR-221 in both immature DC and mature DC process in vitro. Conclusion: Our findings show that β-D-mannuronic acid is a safe agent which has no adverse effect on regulatory miRNA-155 and miRNA-221 in dendritic cells.
M2000, β-D-mannuronic acid, miRNA-155, miRNA-221, dendritic cells, DCs.
Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Box: 14155-6446, Tehran